Port Moresby will quickly have to digest the result. 1921 Australia wins a League of Nations mandate over what is now Papua New Guinea, including Bougainville. At the background is Crown Prince Range where former giant Rio Tinto's Panguna Gold & Copper mine is located. Could Bougainville be the world's newest country? Bougainville est une île de Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, l'une des plus grandes des îles Salomon dans le sud-ouest de l'océan Pacifique. Bougainville has been inhabited by humans for at least 29,000 years, according to evidence obtained from Kilu Cave on Buka Island. [32], The region is divided into three districts, which are further divided into Local Level Government (LLGs) areas. Bougainville is the largest island of the Solomon Islands archipelago, and an autonomous island region within Papua New Guinea. Lors du référendum d'autodétermination organisé du 23 … Independence referendum to be held in Papua New Guinea province of Bougainville Off the coast of Queensland, a historic vote is taking place that could lead to the formation of a new nation. Bannoni and Torau are Austronesian languages not closely related to the former, which are spoken in the coastal areas of central and south Bougainville. Mining activities have caused civil unrest in the region many[quantify] times.[when?] The 1919 Treaty of Versailles established the former colony as a League of Nations mandate, administered by Australia as the Territory of New Guinea. People line up to vote in a referendum on Bougainville's independence from Papua New Guinea, in the region's interim capital of Buka Town, on Nov. 25. He died in office on 6 June 2008. These constitute two language families, North Bougainville and South Bougainville. Bougainville is very off the beaten track and far from easy to get to. And, if the poll goes as expected, Bougainville could become the world’s next country. Geographically the islands of Bougainville and Buka are part of the Solomon Islands archipelago, but are politically separate from the independent country of Solomon Islands. The law also established "My Bougainville" as the region's anthem. The Bougainville Government is about to start repossessing government assets in Arawa as it strives to restore services in the autonomous Papua New Guinea region. On the second biggest island of the archipelago, Buka, referendum commission chairman and former Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern revealed the results. [35], The Papuan languages are confined to the main island of Bougainville. A peace agreement resulted in the creation of the Autonomous Bougainville Government. In 2011, the region had an estimated population of 250,000 people. On the nearby Takuu Atoll a Polynesian language is spoken, Takuu. [14], The first Europeans to sight present-day Bougainville were the Dutch explorers Willem Schouten and Jacob Le Maire, who glimpsed Takuu Atoll and Nissan Island in 1616. Bougainville has played in the National Soccer League since 2019, although it is based in Port Moresby rather than in Bougainville itself. The PNGDF retreated from permanent positions on Bougainville in 1990, but continued military action. They just voted 97.7% to vote in favour of independence. The Sandline affair was a controversial incident that resulted from use of these mercenary troops. [19], The Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force occupied Bougainville in December 1914, as part of the Australian occupation of German New Guinea. [40], F.C. [34] There are many indigenous languages in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, belonging to three language families. Understand []. These include Rotokas, a language with a very small inventory of phonemes, Eivo, Terei, Keriaka, Nasioi (Kieta), Nagovisi, Siwai (Motuna), Baitsi (sometimes considered a dialect of Siwai), Uisai and several others. [46], Boxing is popular in Bougainville. Activists proclaimed the independence of Bougainville (Republic of North Solomons) in 1975 and in 1990, but both times government forces suppressed the separatists. Over 98% of the valid ballots were cast for independence. In 1996, Prime Minister Sir Julius Chan hired Sandline International, a private military company previously involved in supplying mercenaries in the civil war in Sierra Leone, to put down the rebellion. A man casts his ballot as he takes part in a non-binding independence referendum in Kunua Community, Bougainville, Jeremy Miller/Bougainville Referendum Commission/Handout via REUTERS, US to require negative COVID-19 test from UK travelers, Former papal palace offers shelter and hope to Rome's homeless, Christmas Eve concert held in Paris' fire-wrecked Notre Dame. President in 2010 for a five-year term is very off the beaten track and far from easy to get.. Rebel leader Francis Ona died after a short German control between March 1942 November! War claimed an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 lives. [ 33 ] now, we feel,! South Pacific, has had a fractious relationship with the national Soccer championships in 1977, defeating Rabaul bougainville new country capital... The independence agenda island Photo: Arawa Town the capital of the region originates French! 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